Evidenced Based Investing - A Scientific Approach
Investing—by its nature—tugs at our emotions. In a capital-driven economy, what we need and want—even our very being—appear to be driven by our dollars. So, when we put those dollars into investments, there is a tremendous amount at stake. It's personal.
Two major characteristics are necessary to be a successful investor. First, you need to have an investment philosophy to inform your strategy. Equally important, is the ability to manage your behavior in the face of strong emotions.
These emotions—mostly greed and fear—will conspire to steer you off course. But the two elements are related. By maintaining a philosophy you can understand and believe in, you will have a guide star and a superior chance of navigating the emotional roller-coaster. The majority of investors, the data reveal, substantially under perform the funds they invest in by frequently giving in to their emotions. Inevitably, they wind up facing unnecessary obstacles to achieving their goals.
Among the most important things you can learn from an investment advisor are the tenets of their investment philosophy. If you have already developed your own philosophy, this will help you find a match. If you don’t have a philosophy—or are calling it into question—understanding the adviser’s philosophy, and the logic behind it, will go a long way toward helping you make a wise choice.
Our philosophy devolves from the power of decades of financial science and ongoing research. Despite its detractors, it continues to have our allegiance.
Strategic Asset Allocation
- How you apportion your portfolio between risky assets (equities) and safe assets (high-grade, short-term bonds) will dominate portfolio returns and volatility.
- Attempting to time the market—being in while its going up and out while its going down—is a treacherous game; successfully played by few, if any, investors.
- Tilting equities toward riskier small cap and value stocks will increase returns over time.
- Disciplined rebalancing will force you to buy low and sell high; raising the chances of defeating the emotional demons.
- Public securities markets are generally efficient, meaning information is rapidly absorbed into prices.
- Mispricings—necessary to the success of active investing—even when they emerge, are difficult to exploit consistently. Consequently, generating alpha (beating the market) is a significant challenge, especially after taking costs into account.
- Remember, active investing is a zero-sum game. In the aggregate, all investors own the entire market and its average return. So out-performance of the winners mathematically comes out of the hides of the under-performers. There are no Lake Wobegons in investor land.
- In trying to identify active managers/strategies that might reasonably be expected to outperform their benchmarks, it is exceedingly difficult to separate skill from luck.
The embedded costs of investing in a particular vehicle represent another form of risk. In fact, many consider controlling costs to be the second most important factor in a portfolio's performance. These costs can arise because of layers of administration, active trading, tax costs, and other factors. We typically place the bulk of your portfolio with managers who work to control expenses. That may be in indexed funds, for example, which often have lower expenses because they are not actively traded. Similarly, tax-managed funds save on tax-related costs. By reducing your investment expenses, we can help you to establish a less aggressive portfolio with the same target return as more expensive vehicles.
All of which means we develop a strategy that permits you to stop looking at the stock reports every day. (But if you must, go ahead and look). Be confident that your Investment Policy Statement (IPS) will allow you to stopping worrying—or getting overly enthusiastic—about every market gyration or hot stock tip. Instead, if you see a trend you are interested in, just call your RightPath advisor. Hear about an industry you might want to invest in? Call us. Concerned about a change in market directions? Give us a ring.
With any idea, question, or concern that arises over your investments, all you need to do is discuss it with your RightPath advisor. We will walk through your wealth management plan and your IPS with you, discuss whether or not the issue you are raising merits a change to either one, and make the necessary changes—or support you in sitting tight, if that's what's called for.
Our investment philosophy is to be so well prepared to meet your goals and be ready for what the markets might throw at us that you can put all of your emotions in to planning and living your life and let the science take care of the investments.
Charles Schwab & Co, Inc
RightPath Investments recommends that you open an account with Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. (Schwab) to maintain custody of your assets. Schwab has more than 30 years of experience serving independent advisors. Schwab was a pioneer in recognizing and serving the needs of independent, fee-based investment advisors and their clients.
These materials have been independently produced by RightPath Investments. RightPath Investments is independent of, and has no affiliation with, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. or any of its affiliates (“Schwab”). Schwab is a registered broker-dealer and member SIPC. Schwab has not created, supplied, licensed, endorsed, or otherwise sanctioned these materials nor has Schwab independently verified any of the information in them. RightPath Investments provides you with investment advice, while Schwab maintains custody of your assets in a brokerage account and will effect transactions for your account on our instruction.”
Dimensional Fund Advisors
For many clients, mutual funds and ETFs are an excellent, cost-effective way to invest. RightPath Investments is privileged to be able to offer funds from Dimensional Fund Advisors. Dimensional is a premier provider of low-cost, structured, passive portfolios among a wide variety of asset classes. These portfolios provide all of the benefits of indexing and, through careful engineering, frequently more benefits. To learn more about Dimensional Fund Advisors, visit their website at www.dfaus.com.